A mammogram is an x-ray that allows a qualified specialist to examine the breast tissue for any suspicious areas. Childbearing and menstrual history. Over the years, there has been some debate over just how valuable breast self-examination is in detecting breast cancer early and increasing the likelihood of survival. The chance of getting breast cancer increases as women age. Talk to your doctor about your specific risk. Finally, feel your Breast cancer early dection while you are standing or sitting.