Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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Coir Pith Compost
The nitrogenous source poth be in the form of urea or fresh poultry litter. Limitation in using composted coir pith. Coposting beyond 5 feet, it requires machinery to handle the materials. Application of coir pith compost 6. Is is advised that composted coir pith should be applied basally before ptih up the sowing. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine.
If the composition is compostin used immediately, it should be stored in a open, cool place, to retain the moisture, so that the beneficial micro organism present in the compost will not die. In Tamil Nadu state alone 5 lakh tons of coir dust is available. Coir pith should be spread to the length of 4 feet and breadth of 3 feet.
There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost. Large quantity of coir waste of about 7. First observation is volume reduction of waste material. The composting process is an aerobic one, the organism performing the composting require oxygen for its metabolic activity.
This turning of material indirectly aerate the substrate. The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory. Application of coir pith compost. Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture.
Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost 4. The second observation is composying materials are turned to black in colour and the waste particle size is reduced. Beforebuying composted coir dust, it ciir be ensured that the material is composted completely and quality analysis certificate is available with the material. Maintaining optimum moisture is the pre-requiste for uniform composting or waste material. The composted material which is obtained from sieving is ready for use.
The period of composting vary colr substrate to substrate. One has to proportionally divide and put the required amount of poultry litter over the coir pith. The third observation is that composted material emits earthy odour. Coir pith compostingg heap. Coir pith composting technology. Coir pith heap Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form.
Coir pith composting technology Collection of raw material. Because of this, standing crop will get affected. This extraction process generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith. It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times its dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture. The floor of the compost making area should be levelled. Coir compost The largest by products of coconut compossting coconut ccoir from which coir fibre is extracted.
Limitation in using composted coir pith 1.
If all the above said conditions are maintained in the composting, it will take sixty days 60 days for some of the physical parameters to be observed in the compost. Ammonification, nitrification and nitrogen fixation are increased due to improved microbiological activity.
The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material. So it should be heaped above the soil.
But excess water should not be drained form the waste material is to take a handful of composting material and put in between the palms pitn squeeze it.
Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. Once in a month, water is sprinkled over the compost material to maintain the moisture.
ORGANIC FARMING :: Special technologies :: Coir compost
The largest by products of coconut is coconut husk from which coir fibre is extracted. The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. This 5 kg equally divided into five portions and in alternative layer of coir pith one kg of urea should be applied. A separate area should be earmarked for composting. These fibrous materials will not get composted and it will hinder with composting process.
It is not economical to buy composted coir pith and put in the farm for large areas. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm.
Coir pith is an aerobic composting. If earthen floor is available the floor can be made to hard compostimg hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry. Initially coir pith should be put up for 3 inch height and thoroughly moistened.