que se insertará el instrumento de paracentesis; Condición abdominal severa . Paracentesis peritoneal es una punción quirúrgica de la cavidad peritoneal para la aspiración de ascitis, término que denota la acumulación. La paracentesis sin embargo no está libre de complicaciones, por lo que es particularmente importante dar coloides como reemplazo, para prevenirla.

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Paracentesis Abdominal

Analysis of the pleural and peritoneal fluids shows that both share the features of a transudate, and in difficult cases 99m Tc sulphur colloid injected into the peritoneum can be shown subsequently to accumulate in the pleura Rubenstein et al Prognosis is related largely to liver function, and patients with lesser degrees of ascites and better liver function respond better to treatment and survive longer.

Results of a prospective, randomized, multicenter study Hepatology 21, Refractory or resistantascites is broadly definedas ascites resistant to medical therapy Arroyo et al Ascites in cirrhosis is usually clear and straw or light green in colour, but it can also be cloudy, bloo -stained chylous or bile -stained. A variant of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Pleurodesis and surgical repair of diaphragmatic defects is often unsuccessful and fraught with serious complications.

Puertas peritoneales

The mechanisms underlying these theories are complex, poorly understood, and beyond the scope of this paper as they do not yet have important implications for the management of hepatic ascites. Three general theories have been proposed to explain renal retention of sodium in hepatic cirrhosis Ring-Larsen and Henriksen, Por favor note que RadiologyInfo. Cattau et al have shown that clinical examination detects peritoneal fluid in only a half of patients with less than a litre of ascites Table 3.


TB shows large variation in geographics distribution.

Puertas peritoneales

The thiazides are diuretics of intermediate potency which are little used in ascites due to hepatic cirrhosis. They are not wiclely used. Local diseases in the peritoneal cavity such as TB, malignant disease,and pancreatitis, damage capillaries and produce protein-rich ascites exudates.

A randomized double-blind trial of spironolactone versus placebo.

Artificial Organs 12, The most important investigation is immediate analysis of the ascites for polymorphonuclear leucocyte content and culture. Randomized comparative study of hemacel vs.

Antibiotic prophylaxis is important to prevent recurrence and liver transpiantation shoulcl be considered. The hepatic sinusoids become ‘capillarised’, by connective tissue progressively in hepatic cirrhosis and are less permeable which accounts for the generally low protein content of ascites in this condition.

Cloudy or slightly or opaque ascites suggests the presence of infection below and indicates the need for an immediate ascites polymorphonuclear leucocyte cell count.

Forma en que debo prepararme Es posible que deba sacarse sangre antes de realizar complicacionse procedimiento. They were, however, also effective in preventing ascites and consequentially spontaneus bacterial peritonitis.

Ascites in Hepatic Cirrhosis

Blood culture should paraceentesis be done as organisms are isolated in some cases and they reflect those found in the ascitic fluid Conn et al, Two different dosages of cefotaxime in the, treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis. Gastroenterology, dde, Seminars in Liver Disease 6,Infection, including SBP, is also cornmon following acute gastrointestinal bleeding and these infections can be prevented by Norfloxacin mg twice daily Rimola et al; Pathophysiology of ascites and functional renal failure in cirrhosis.


The ascites amylase is high in pancreatic ascites and should be measured particularly when the protein content of ascites is high. Recognition, investigation and treatment. Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and the Department of Medicine. Paracentesis also improves respiratory function rapidly and relieves the respiratory distress of marked ascites, though diuretic treatment achieves the same end more slowly Chang et al The introduction of TIPSS has allowed the placement of portasystemic shunts by interventional radiological means applicable even in patients with poor liver function.

Usted debe inspeccionar su piel alrededor del puerto en forma diaria y llamar a su doctor si: Hepatitic cirrhosis includes coexistant complicaciines carcinoma and malignant disease ecludes hepatocellular carcinoma. A TIPSS shunt is probably the best treatment currently available as about half of patients have complete relief and aquarter partial relief Gordon et alStrauss et al