Over the last months I have been working on a famous solo by Lennie Tristano. The tune is called “Line Up” and is based on the chord. Lennie Tristano’s Line up. pasted-graphic. I’ve been working on this on and off for the last 3 months, trying, just as with the previous. I first heard about Lennie Tristano’s famous improvisation over “All of Me” changes reading Ethan Iverson’s blog post about Tristano and his.
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Leonard Joseph ” Lennie ” Linw March 19, — November 18, was an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and teacher of jazz improvisation. Tristano studied for bachelor’s and master’s degrees in music in Chicago before moving to New York City in He played with leading bebop musicians and formed his own small bands, which soon displayed some of his early interests — contrapuntal interaction of instruments, harmonic flexibility, and rhythmic complexity.
His quintet in recorded the first free group improvisations. Tristano’s innovations continued inwith the first overdubbedimprovised jazz recordings, and two years later, when he recorded an atonal improvised solo piano tristaano that was based on the development of motifs rather than on harmonies.
He developed further via polyrhythms and chromaticism into the s, but was infrequently recorded. Tristano started teaching music, especially improvisation, in the early s, and by the mids was concentrating on teaching in preference to performing. He taught in a structured and disciplined manner, which was unusual in jazz education when he began.
His educational role over three decades meant that he exerted an influence on jazz through lenine students, including saxophonists Lee Konitz and Warne Marsh.
Musicians and critics vary in their appraisal of Tristano tristamo a musician. Some describe his playing as trisrano and suggest that his innovations had little impact; others state that he was a bridge between bebop and later, freer forms of jazz, and assert that he is less appreciated than he should be because commentators found him hard to categorize and because he chose not to commercialize.
Tristano was born in Chicago on March 19, Lennie started on the family’s player piano at the age of two or three. Tristano studied for a bachelor’s degree in music in performance at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago from untiland stayed for another two years for further studies, llne although he left before completing his master’s degree. In the early s Tristano played tenor saxophone and piano for a variety of engagements, including in a rumba band.
Tristano’s interest in jazz inspired a lebnie to New York City in Tristano first met saxophonist Charlie Parker in Tristano’s band had two recording sessions in that proved to be significant. The sextet struggled to find enough work, but did play at Birdland ‘s opening night “A Journey Through Jazz”, a subsequent five-week engagement at that club, and at various other venues in the north-east of the US late in With tristabo personnel changes, the sextet continued performing into yp In Tristano’s band performed occasionally, including as a quintet in Toronto.
Tristano’s recording “Descent into the Maelstrom” was another innovation. In the following year Tristano’s sextet played at the first Newport Jazz Festival.
Tristano recorded his first album for Atlantic Records in ; he was allowed control over the recording process and what to release. By the mids Tristano focused his energies more on music education. In he had to leave his Manhattan studio;  he established a new one in Hollis, Queens.
Tristano’s second album for Atlantic was recorded in and released the following year. Tristano and his wife formally divorced in In the pianist reformed his quintet with Konitz and Marsh for a two-month engagement at the Half Note and performances at the Coq D’Or in Toronto. Tristano declined offers to perform in the s; he explained that he did not like to travel, and that the requirement for a career-minded musician to play concerts was not something that he wanted to follow.
Tristano had a series of illnesses in the s, including eye pain and emphysema he smoked for most of his life. In Ind’s view, Tristano “was always so gentle, so charming and so quietly spoken that his directness could be unnerving. Writer Barry Ulanov commented in that Tristano “was not content merely to feel something, Beauty is a positive thing. Tristano also complained about the commercialization of jazz and what he perceived to be the requirement to abandon the artistic part of playing in order to earn a living from performing.
Saxophonists Parker and Lester Young were important influences on Tristano’s development. Tristano practiced solo Tatum pieces early in his career,  before gradually moving away from this influence in search of his own style. Tristano’s advanced grasp of harmony pushed his music beyond the complexities of the contemporary bebop movement: The trio recordings of show a novel approach in the linear interaction between piano and guitar, resulting in counterpoint, polyrhythm, and superimposed harmonies.
The sextet recordings of are notable for coherent ensemble playing and triwtano, and the free group improvisations based on spontaneous group interactions and the contrapuntal principle. In the s Tristano employed an advanced concept in jazz improvisation called side-slipping, or outside playingwhich creates a form of temporary bitonality when chromatic harmony is superimposed over the standard harmonic progressions.
Tristano intensified his use of counterpoint, tristao, and chromaticism in the s[. hristano
Grove Music commented on some aspects of Tristano’s style that were different from most modern jazz: Typically, his solos consisted of extraordinarily long, angular strings of almost even quavers provided with subtle rhythmic deviations and abrasive polytonal effects. He was particularly adept in his use of different levels of double time and was a master of the block-chord style”.
Fellow piano player Ethan Iverson asserted that, “As a pianist, Tristano was lsnnie the top tier of technical accomplishment.
He was born a prodigy and worked tirelessly to get better. Tristano is regarded ip one of the first to teach jazz, particularly improvisation, in a structured way. Llennie elements for a student’s learning were having a concept of principally diatonic  scales as music and a basis for harmony. Tristano encouraged his students to learn the melodies of jazz standards by singing them, then playing them, before working on playing them in all keys.
Critics disagree on Tristano’s importance in jazz history. Elements of Tristano’s early playing — counterpoint, reharmonizing, and strict time — influenced Miles Davis ‘ Birth of the Cooland the playing of saxophonist Gerry Mulligan and pianist Tistano Brubeck. Pianist Mose Allison commented that Tristano and Powell “were the founders of modern piano playing, since nearly everyone was influenced by one or the other of them. In Ind’s opinion, Tristano’s legacy “is what he added technically to the jazz vocabulary and his vision of jazz as a serious musical craft”.
Lennie Tristano’s Line up | Tom Hewson
Ryman’s “technique not only parallels music in general but shares the principles of kinesthetic and multisensorial attention to detail that characterized the teaching of Lennie Tristano. Shim suggested that the common under-appreciation of Tristano is attributable in part to his style being unusual and lennoe difficult for jazz commentators to categorize.
His dedication, plus the lack of general appreciation by many jazz critics, led inevitably to his being sidelined. Tristano was Metronome ‘ s musician of the oennie in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Tristano’s notable students, see List of music students by teacher: Retrieved September 17, Historical Dictionary of Jazz. Retrieved September 15, The New York Lihe. The Poetics of Rock Composition: Multitrack Recording as Compositional Practice.
University of California Press. Retrieved May 21, Pianist of ‘Tristano School'”.
The Penguin Jazz Guide: The History of the Music in the Best Albums. Retrieved May 14, Retrieved July 15, The Essential Jazz Records: Retrieved November 3, The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Masters of Bebop: A Listener’s Guide updated ed.
Lennie Tristano ul His Legacy. Lennie Tristano — His Life in Music. University of Michigan Press. Retrieved from linf https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Sextet, with Warne Marsh tenor saxLee Konitz alto saxBilly Bauer guitarunknown bassunknown lwnnie ; in concert. Some tracks solo piano; some tritano trio, with Peter Ind bassRoy Haynes drums ; some tracks trio, with Sonny Dallas bassNick Stabulas drums ; released in the s.
Some tracks solo piano; some tracks trio, with Peter Ind bassJeff Morton drums ; some tracks quartet, with Lee Konitz alto saxGene Ramey bassArt Taylor drums ; released in Trio, with Peter Ind bassTom Weyburn drums ; released c. Trio, with Sonny Dallas bassCarol Tristano drums, added in .