E-NTU Method (Effectiveness – N TU method). Note, in most heat exchanger design problems, we don’t. know the fluid outlet temperatures, ie. Tiour or Tribut. TA. Summary of lmtd and e ntu. The Log Mean Temperature Difference Method ( LMTD) The Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference(LMTD) is. Q: What is the real difference between the LMTD (logarithmic mean temperature difference) and NTU (number of transfer units) methods for analyzing heat.

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The HCRR is limited to values between 0 and 1. Resolved comments Export to PDF.

This page was last edited on 17 Octoberat It is a function of the heat exchanger design and the fluid properties on both sides. For example, the effectiveness of a parallel flow heat exchanger is calculated methodx The method proceeds by calculating the heat capacity rates i. Lavine Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer ,6th edition, pp — The maximum possible heat transfer rate is achieved if the fluid with the minimum value of HCR methds the maximum dT across the heat exchanger.

The heat exchanger will operate at this thermal capacity as long as it has sufficient heat transfer area at these operating conditions, including a factor for fouling. Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product. The required thermal capacity UA needed to achieve the heat transfer rate established by the temperatures and flow rates is calculated from the Heat Transfer Rate and the Corrected Mean Temperature Difference.

Similar to the LMTD method, the heat exchanger will operate at this thermal capacity as long as it has sufficient heat transfer area at these operating conditions, taking into account the fouling factor.

For this configuration, the Maximum Effectiveness for a given HCRR curve is greater than that for a pure single pass parallel flow configuration. Configuration Correction Factor CF The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.


Powered by Atlassian Confluence anv. These relationships are differentiated from one another depending on the type of the flow counter-current, concurrent, or cross flowthe number of passes in shell and tube exchangers and whether a flow stream is mixed or unmixed.

NTU method

Similar effectiveness relationships can be derived for concentric tube heat exchangers and shell and tube heat exchangers. Voltage drop, current, and electrical resistance are analogous to pressure drop, fluid flow, and hydraulic resistance, which are analogous to the temperature difference, heat transfer rate, and thermal resistance.

Hence in this special case the heat exchanger behavior is independent of the flow arrangement. P is limited to values between 0 and 1. Temperature Effectiveness P The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

The Temperature Difference Ratio R is the ratio of the temperature change across the shell side to the temperature difference across the tube side.

Summary Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product. When designing piping systems to support heat transfer between fluids, both the hydraulic and thermal conditions must be evaluated to ensure the proper equipment is selected and installed.

The equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by: The other fluid would change temperature more quickly along the heat exchanger length. In other words, the heat exchanger operates at a point on an R Curve based on the Temperature Effectiveness established by the operating conditions. Each HCRR curve flattens to a maximum value of Effectiveness as was the case for the pure single pass parallel flow heat exchanger. A control valve is sized and selected to meet the hydraulic requirements of the piping system, which includes the design flow rate and pressure drop across the valve.


Corrective action would require the purchase and installation of a properly sized heat exchanger, causing additional downtime for installation. Effectiveness is dimensionless quantity between 0 and 1. To define the effectiveness of a heat exchanger we need to find the maximum possible heat transfer that can be hypothetically achieved in a counter-flow heat exchanger of infinite length.

NTU method – Wikipedia

The thermal capacity of a llmtd exchanger is its ability to transfer heat between two fluids at different temperatures. The Effectiveness-NTU method takes a different approach to solving heat exchange analysis by using three dimensionless parameters: Evaluating both the hydraulic and thermal conditions of a system can be a daunting task for any engineer and is often divided into different groups who specialize in a specific field.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” https: The thermal capacity nttu the heat exchanger will match the thermal capacity required by the process conditions temperatures and flow rates if it has sufficient heat transfer area to do so. For example, for a pure single pass counter current nethods heat exchanger:. Created by Jeff Sineslast modified on Jun 29, In heat exchanger analysis, if the fluid inlet and outlet temperatures are specified or can be determined by simple energy ad, the LMTD method can be used; but when these temperatures are not available The NTU or The Effectiveness method is used.